How to Apply for a CRBA at the U.S. Embassy in Dakar
Please consider applying for your child’s first passport during the CRBA appointment. If you are interested in doing so, please let us know and be sure to follow these instructions.
A U.S. citizen child born outside the United States will be issued a Consular Report of Birth Abroad (CRBA). This document establishes the child’s status as a U.S. citizen and is recognized as the equivalent of a birth certificate issued in the United States. We recommend that parents apply as soon as possible after their child’s birth. A CRBA may not be issued to a child over 18 years old. Both parents and child must personally appear at the U.S. Embassy.
Do you qualify to transmit citizenship?
Children born abroad to a U.S. citizen parent(s) (under the age of 18) may have a claim to U.S. citizenship. The following is a brief description of the various circumstances under which a child born abroad may acquire U.S. citizenship. For further information please select the description below that best fits your family circumstances.
NOTE: Children under 18, born to U.S. citizens who are not eligible for U.S. citizenship as described above may be eligible under the Child Citizenship Act of 2000.
All periods of residence or physical presence must have taken place prior to the birth of the child.
Child born in wedlock to two U.S. citizens
A child born outside of the United States and in wedlock to a U.S. citizen mother and U.S. citizen father, acquires U.S. citizenship at birth if one of the parents has been resident in the United States or one of its outlying possessions prior to the child’s birth.
Child born in wedlock to one U.S. citizen parent and one non-U.S. citizen parent
A child born outside of the United States and in wedlock to a U.S. citizen parent and a non-U.S. citizen parent, may acquire U.S. citizenship at birth if the U.S. citizen parent has been physically present in the United States or one of its outlying possessions for a period of five years, two of which were after the age of fourteen. The U.S. citizen parent must be the genetic or the gestational parent, and the legal parent of the child under local law at the time and place of the child’s birth.
Child born out of wedlock to a U.S. citizen father
A child born outside of the United States and out of wedlock to a U.S. citizen father, may acquire U.S. citizenship if the father was a U.S. citizen at the time of the child’s birth and, if the father was physically present in the United States or one of its outlying possessions for five years, two of which were after the age of fourteen.
In addition, the U.S. citizen father must acknowledge paternity and agree in writing to provide financial support for the child until he/she reaches the age of 18 years old.
Child born out of wedlock to a U.S. citizen mother
A child born outside of the United States and out of wedlock to a U.S. citizen mother, on or before June 11, 2017, may acquire U.S. citizenship if the mother was physically present in the United States for a continuous period of one year (365 days) prior to the birth of the child.
A child born outside of the United States and out of wedlock to a U.S. citizen mother on or after June 12, 2017, may acquire U.S. citizenship if the mother was physically present in the United States for a period of five years, two of which were after the age of fourteen.
In both cases, the U.S. citizen mother must be the genetic or gestational mother and the legal parent of the child under local law at the time and place of the child’s birth in order to transmit U.S. citizenship.
How to apply
The CRBA application process has been revised, and CRBA appointments are no longer available through our website. Please email DakarACS@state.gov with scanned copies of all the required documents in one email as follows:
- Attachment #1: Completed DS-2029 application form
- Attachment #2: All supporting documents listed below
Please list your child’s name and date of birth in the subject line of each email. Once the application and your documents have been received, you will be contacted with an appointment date.
The following documents are required to issue a Consular Report of Birth Abroad to a child born in Senegal or Guinea-Bissau:
- Completed DS-2029 (PDF 110 KB). Click here for specific instructions on how to complete this form.
- Birth certificate issued by the authorities of Senegal or Guinea Bissau with a photocopy (and a certified translation if not in English).
- Parent’s marriage certificate with a photocopy (and a certified translation if not in English). If the parents are not married, please ask a consular officer about special requirements.
- If either parent was previously married, evidence of the termination of previous marriages with a photocopy (and a certified translation if not in English). Normally, such evidence consists of a divorce order, annulment decree, or death certificate.
- Evidence of citizenship of the parent(s), such as a United States passport, naturalization certificate, or a birth certificate from the United States with a photocopy.
- Both parents’ government photo identification with a photocopy of each.
- If only one parent is a U.S. citizen, that parent must show evidence of his or her physical presence in the United States. Such evidence often consists of previous passports, educational records (school or university transcripts), rent receipts, etc. In most cases, the U.S. citizen parent must show:
At least five years of cumulative physical presence in the United States, including two years after the age of fourteen. Click here for more information.
- One full-face 2 x 2 inches (51 x 51 mm) color photograph taken within the last six months with a white or light background. Photo shops in Dakar.
- Cash fee of $100 or equivalent in CFA. We regret that we cannot accept checks or credit cards.
NOTE: Originals or certified copies of all documents must be submitted along with one photocopy of each. Please make sure to bring all necessary completed paperwork and documentation to your appointment. Incomplete applications may be asked to return at a later date and will delay processing.
What to expect when you visit the U.S. Embassy
Please note: Applicants are permitted to bring the following optional items to their appointment:
- Supporting documentation for application
- House and/or car keys
Applicants who arrive for their appointment carrying prohibited items, which include, but are not limited to, electronics, liquids, sharp objects, food, and bags or purses, will not be permitted to enter the Embassy. No storage is available, so please make arrangements for these items prior to your visit to the Embassy.
For more information about applying for a CRBA, please visit the State Department Bureau of Consular Affairs website at https://travel.state.gov/content/travel/en/international-travel/while-abroad/birth-abroad.html
Third Party Attendance at Passport and CRBA Appointment Interviews
Generally, immediate family members may accompany passport or CRBA applicants to their appointment interviews at a U.S. embassy or consulate, and all minor children must be accompanied by a parent or guardian. Passport or CRBA applicants also have the option of being accompanied by an attorney at their appointment interview. Attendance by any third party, including an attorney, accompanying an applicant is subject to the following parameters designed to ensure an orderly appointment interview process and to maintain the integrity of the adjudication of the application(s):
- Given space limitations in the consular section, not more than one attendee at a time will be allowed to accompany an applicant (or the applicant’s parent or guardian if the applicant is a minor).
- Attendance by an attorney does not excuse the applicant and/or the minor applicant’s parent or guardian from attending the appointment interview in person.
- The manner in which a passport or CRBA appointment interview is conducted, and the scope and nature of the inquiry, shall at all times be at the discretion of the consular officer, following applicable Departmental guidance.
- It is expected that attorneys will provide their clients with relevant legal advice prior to, rather than at, the appointment interview, and will advise their clients prior to the appointment interview that the client will participate in the appointment interview with minimal assistance.
- Attorneys may not engage in any form of legal argumentation during the appointment interview and before the consular officer.
- Attendees other than a parent or guardian accompanying a minor child may not answer a consular officer’s question on behalf or in lieu of an applicant, nor may they summarize, correct, or attempt to clarify an applicant’s response, or interrupt or interfere with an applicant’s responses to a consular officer’s questions.
- To the extent that an applicant does not understand a question, s/he should seek clarification from the consular officer directly.
- The consular officer has sole discretion to determine the appropriate language(s) for communication with the applicant, based on the facility of both officer and applicant and the manner and form that best facilitate communication between the consular officer and the applicant. Attendees may not demand that communications take place in a particular language solely for the benefit of the attendee. Nor may attendees object to or insist on the participation of an interpreter in the appointment interview, to the qualifications of any interpreter, or to the manner or substance of any translation.
- No attendee may coach or instruct applicants as to how to answer a consular officer’s question.
- Attendees may not object to a consular officer’s question on any ground (including that the attendee regards the question to be inappropriate, irrelevant, or adversarial), or instruct the applicant not to answer a consular officer’s question. Attendees may not interfere in any manner with the consular officer’s ability to conduct all inquiries and fact-finding necessary to exercise his or her responsibilities to adjudicate the application.
- During a passport or CRBA appointment interview, attendees may not discuss or inquire about other applications.
- Attendees may take written notes, but may not otherwise record the appointment interviews.
- Attendees may not engage in any other conduct that materially disrupts the appointment interview. For example, they may not yell at or otherwise attempt to intimidate or abuse a consular officer or staff, and they may not engage in any conduct that threatens U.S. national security or the security of the embassy or its personnel. Attendees must follow all security policies of the Department of State and the U.S. embassy or consulate where the appointment interview takes place.
Attendees may not engage in any conduct that violates this policy and/or otherwise materially disrupts the appointment interview. Failure to observe these parameters will result in a warning to the attendee and, if ignored, the attendee may be asked to leave the appointment interview and/or the premises, as appropriate. It would then be the applicant’s choice whether to continue the appointment interview without the attendee present, subject to the consular officer’s discretion to terminate the appointment interview. The safety and privacy of all applicants awaiting consular services, as well as of consular and embassy personnel, is of paramount consideration.