How to Apply for a CRBA at the U.S. Embassy in Dakar
An American citizen child born outside the United States will be issued a Consular Report of Birth Abroad (CRBA). This document establishes the child’s status as an American citizen and is recognized as the equivalent of a birth certificate issued in the United States. We recommend that parents apply as soon as possible after their child’s birth. A CRBA may not be issued to a child over 18 years old. Both parents and child must personally appear at the U.S. Embassy.
The following documents are required to issue a Consular Report of Birth Abroad to a child born in Senegal or Guinea-Bissau:
- Completed DS-2029 (PDF 110 KB).
- Birth certificate issued by the authorities of Senegal or Guinea Bissau (with a certified translation if not in English).
- Marriage certificate (with a certified translation if not in English). If the parents are not married, please ask a consular officer about special requirements.
- If either parent was previously married, evidence of the termination of previous marriages (with a certified translation if not in English). Normally, such evidence consists of a divorce order, annulment decree, or death certificate.
- Evidence of citizenship of the American parent(s), such as a United States passport, naturalization certificate, or a birth certificate from the United States.
- Both parents’ government photo identification.
- If only one parent is an American citizen, that parent must show evidence of his or her physical presence in the United States. Such evidence often consists of previous passports, educational records (school or university transcripts), rent receipts, etc. In most cases, the American citizen parent must show:
- For children born after November 14, 1986: at least five years of cumulative physical presence in the United States, including two years after the age of fourteen.
- For children born before November 14, 1986: at least ten cumulative years of physical presence in the United States, including five years after the age of fourteen.
- One photo of the child.
NOTE: Originals or certified copies of all documents must be submitted along with one photocopy of each. Please make sure to bring all necessary completed paperwork and documentation to your appointment. Incomplete applications may be asked to return at a later date.
How to Apply:
The CRBA application process has been revised, and CRBA appointments are no longer available through our website. Please email DakarACS@state.gov with scanned copies of all the required documents in one email as follows:
- Attachment #1: Completed DS-2029 application form
- Attachment #2: All supporting documents listed above:
Please list your child’s name and date of birth in the subject line of each email. Once the application and all your documents are verified and in order, you will be contacted with an appointment date.
What to Expect When You Visit the Embassy
- Plan on arriving 15 minutes before your scheduled appointment to allow time for security checks at the Embassy entrance.
- You will be asked to pass through a metal detector. Cameras, mobile phones, smart watches, laptops and all other small electronic devices, with features such as Bluetooth, WI-FI, audio and video recording, or global positioning system (GPS) are not allowed inside the embassy. Make arrangements to leave these items at home or with a friend or relative. Luggage is also not allowed.
- Once you enter the compound, you will be directed to the Consular Section. Inside the Consular Section, you will find the American Citizen Services Unit’s waiting room at the very end of the main waiting area. Our staff will be expecting you at one of the ACS windows.
- If you arrive late to your appointment, you may be asked to return at a later date. Please be on time.
The Consular Section can only accept cash fees in U.S. Dollars or the equivalent in CFA. The cost of a CRBA is $100.00. We regret that we cannot accept checks or credit cards.
Completing the Form DS-2029
The form should be downloaded and printed on white A4 or letter-size paper.
Please complete sections 1 to 15 on the application form either in type or by writing in block letters and black ink. This information is mandatory. Do not sign the form until requested by a consular officer.
Item 6 – Full Name: Please complete this item with your names as they appear on the passports or government photo identification. For women who have adopted their spouse’s surname, please complete thus: “Jane Smith Doe, born Jane Mary Smith.”
Item 11 – Evidence of American Citizenship: Please complete this item with your United States passport number, date of issue, and place of issue as listed on your current passport. Foreign nationals should list the country of nationality in addition to the other information.
Item 12 – Physical Presence: Please record the actual time when the parent was physically present in the United States. These dates should correspond with the arrival and departure stamps to and from the United States in the parent’s passport. Any travel outside the United States, including vacations and short visits abroad, should be listed on the form. If this section of the application is missing or incomplete, it will delay processing. Start with your birth, if you were born in the United States or your first entry to the United States and list all periods of physical presence in the United States leading up to the present. Maintaining a residence in the United States does not constitute physical presence. You may attach a separate sheet with this information.
Please note: If the U.S. citizen parent cannot clearly demonstrate the required 5 years of physical presence then the application cannot be approved and any associated passport application will be denied. In such cases, applicants are not eligible for a refund. Applicants are strongly urged to review their own history of physical presence in the United States before applying.
For more information about applying for a CRBA, please visit the State Department Bureau of Consular Affairs website at https://travel.state.gov/content/travel/en/international-travel/while-abroad/birth-abroad.html
Third Party Attendance at Passport and CRBA Appointment Interviews
Generally, immediate family members may accompany passport or CRBA applicants to their appointment interviews at a U.S. embassy or consulate, and all minor children must be accompanied by a parent or guardian. Passport or CRBA applicants also have the option of being accompanied by an attorney at their appointment interview. Attendance by any third party, including an attorney, accompanying an applicant is subject to the following parameters designed to ensure an orderly appointment interview process and to maintain the integrity of the adjudication of the application(s):
- Given space limitations in the consular section, not more than one attendee at a time will be allowed to accompany an applicant (or the applicant’s parent or guardian if the applicant is a minor).
- Attendance by an attorney does not excuse the applicant and/or the minor applicant’s parent or guardian from attending the appointment interview in person.
- The manner in which a passport or CRBA appointment interview is conducted, and the scope and nature of the inquiry, shall at all times be at the discretion of the consular officer, following applicable Departmental guidance.
- It is expected that attorneys will provide their clients with relevant legal advice prior to, rather than at, the appointment interview, and will advise their clients prior to the appointment interview that the client will participate in the appointment interview with minimal assistance.
- Attorneys may not engage in any form of legal argumentation during the appointment interview and before the consular officer.
- Attendees other than a parent or guardian accompanying a minor child may not answer a consular officer’s question on behalf or in lieu of an applicant, nor may they summarize, correct, or attempt to clarify an applicant’s response, or interrupt or interfere with an applicant’s responses to a consular officer’s questions.
- To the extent that an applicant does not understand a question, s/he should seek clarification from the consular officer directly.
- The consular officer has sole discretion to determine the appropriate language(s) for communication with the applicant, based on the facility of both officer and applicant and the manner and form that best facilitate communication between the consular officer and the applicant. Attendees may not demand that communications take place in a particular language solely for the benefit of the attendee. Nor may attendees object to or insist on the participation of an interpreter in the appointment interview, to the qualifications of any interpreter, or to the manner or substance of any translation.
- No attendee may coach or instruct applicants as to how to answer a consular officer’s question.
- Attendees may not object to a consular officer’s question on any ground (including that the attendee regards the question to be inappropriate, irrelevant, or adversarial), or instruct the applicant not to answer a consular officer’s question. Attendees may not interfere in any manner with the consular officer’s ability to conduct all inquiries and fact-finding necessary to exercise his or her responsibilities to adjudicate the application.
- During a passport or CRBA appointment interview, attendees may not discuss or inquire about other applications.
- Attendees may take written notes, but may not otherwise record the appointment interviews.
- Attendees may not engage in any other conduct that materially disrupts the appointment interview. For example, they may not yell at or otherwise attempt to intimidate or abuse a consular officer or staff, and they may not engage in any conduct that threatens U.S. national security or the security of the embassy or its personnel. Attendees must follow all security policies of the Department of State and the U.S. embassy or consulate where the appointment interview takes place.
Attendees may not engage in any conduct that violates this policy and/or otherwise materially disrupts the appointment interview. Failure to observe these parameters will result in a warning to the attendee and, if ignored, the attendee may be asked to leave the appointment interview and/or the premises, as appropriate. It would then be the applicant’s choice whether to continue the appointment interview without the attendee present, subject to the consular officer’s discretion to terminate the appointment interview. The safety and privacy of all applicants awaiting consular services, as well as of consular and embassy personnel, is of paramount consideration.